Bulletin - United States National Museum.

TitelBulletin - United States National Museum.
Jahr der Veröffentlichung1902
AutorenSmithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, United States. Department of the Interior, and United States. Dept. of the Interior
Volumeno.50:pt.2 (1902)
VerlagWashington :Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.];

Genus BOLBORHYNCHUS Bonaparte.
Bolhorhynchus Bonaparte, Remarques Obs. Blanchard Psittacides, 1857, 6.
(Type, B. catharina Bonaparte =PsiiiacttZa lineola Cassin.)
Grammopsittaca c Ridgway, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., xxv, May 4, 1912, 100.
(Type, Psittacula lineola Cassin.)
Very small, wedge-tailed Psittacidse (length about 55-70 mm.)
with tarsus as long as or longer than culmen; the maxilla very broad,
swollen laterally, broadly rounded on culmen, with unguis short
and very broad, its tomium very shallowly notched and lobed; cere
strongly convex anteriorly, wholly unfeathered around nostril (the
latter set well back) ; outermost primary not attenuated at tip ; tail
not more than two-thirds (sometimes scarcely more than half) as
long as wing, and coloration wholly green or green with black bars
and spots.
BiU rather small but very thick and swollen, its depth at base very
much greater than its length; maxilla decidedly wider than deep,
its width at base equal to three-fourths the length of culmen, the
unguis short and very broad, its width at base of palatal surface decidedly to very much greater than its length, the tip broadly rounded
in vertical profile; maxillary tomium very faintly if at all lobed
posterior to the very shallow post-ungual excision; depth of mandible at base decidedly less than width of mandible, about equal to
length of gonys; mandible broadly rounded beneath, its tip very
slightly if at all produced, very broad; culmen about as long as outer
bind toe without claw, gradually and not very strongly dccurved
from base, broadly rounded. Wing moderate, very pointed, the
longest primaries exceeding secondaries by nearly to quite half the
length of wing; ninth or tenth (outermost) primaries longest, the
tenth not attenuated at tip. Tail very slightly more than haK to
two-thirds as long as wing, graduated for about one-third its length,
the rectrices rather broad basally, tapering rapidly to the acuminate
or subacuminate tip. Tarsus equal to or slightly longer than outer
hind toe without claw.
Plumage and coloration.—Head completely feathered except a
restricted orbital area, cere surrounding nostril, and chin. Color
wholly green or green barred and spotted with black.
Range.—Southern Mexico to Venezuela, Peru, and Bolivia. (Two
a. Rump and tail-coverts barred or transversely spotted with black; hindneck, etc.,
narrowly barred with black. {Bolborhynchus lineola.)
b. Rump and upper tail-coverts with small terminal spots or bars of black; middle
rectrices with much less of black; general color purer, lighter green. (Eastern
Mexico to Panama.) Bolborhynchus lineola lineola (p. 179).
bb. Rump and upper tail-coverts heavily spotted with black; middle rectrices
with much more of black (sometimes almost wholly black); general color
deeper, more olivaceous, green. (Eastern Peru?)
Bolborhynchus lineola maculatus (extralimital).&
aa. No black markings whatever. (Peru; Bolivia.)
Bolborhynchus andicola (extralimital).c

a B. andicola differs from the type [B. lineola) in the decidedly longer tail, which
is two-thirds as long as the wing instead of only a little more than half as long, shorter
tenth (outermost) primary, which instead of being longer than the ninth is slightly
shorter, and in the relatively slightly longer tarsus; but in other respects they agree
very closely and I would not think of separating them generically.
b Grammopsittaca lineola maculata Hidgway , Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., xxviii, May
27, 1915, 106 (eastern Peru?; coll. U. S. Nat. Mus.).
<^ Psiltacula andicola Finsch, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., Jan. 20, 1874, 90 (Paucartambo, e. Peru; coll. P. L. Sclater).

Bolborhynchus andicola Sclater and Salvin,
Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1876, 18; Salvadori, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., xx, 1891, 238,
pi. 5 (Paucartambo, Maraynioc, and Punamarca, Peruvian Andes).

Grammopsittaca andicola Ridgway, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., xxv, May 4, 1912, 100, in text.

Bolborhynchus orbignesius (not Myiopsitta orbignesia Bonaparte) Taczanowski, Proc.
Zool. Soc. Lond., 1874, 549, 679 (centr. Peru).

Adults (sexes alike).—Above yellowish green (between parrot
green and oil green), brighter and purer green on hindneck, passing
into clear calliste green on forehead, the feathers of the hindneck
narrowly tipped with black, producing distinct bars, the occiput,
posterior part of crown, scapulars, and interscapulars similarly but
less distinctly barred, the rump and upper tail-coverts (which are
sometimes decidedly more yellowish green, especially the latter)
much more broadly barred, or transversely spotted, with black;
lesser wing-coverts mostly black, the middle coverts broadly tipped
with black; primaries grass green, becoming black next to shaft and
on terminal margin, the primary coverts similar but darker and
duller green; middle rectrices black medially, the black occupying
whole of the terminal portion, the other rectrices dusky medially;
under parts light green (javel green to apple green), the sides and
flanks more or less distinctly barred with black, the under tail-coverts
with more or less distinct small terminal spots of the same; under
wing-coverts clear light green, usually more or less (but never very
distinctly) narrowly barred or mottled with blackish toward edge of
wing, the carpo-metacarpal edge clear light yellowish green; under
primary coverts and under surface of remiges dull bluish green (deep
malachite or french green), the latter dusky toward shafts; bill pale
dull brownish yellow or buff; legs and feet pale brownish.
Adult male.—Length (skins), 157-165 (161); wing, 104.5-111
(107.7); tail, 59-62 (60.5); culmen, 12-12.5 (12.2); tarsus, 12-13
(12.5); outer anterior toe, 15.5-16 (15.7) .'^
Adultfemale.—Length (skins), 156-165 (161); wing, 103-109
;i05.7); tail, 57-62.5 (59.1); cuhnen, 12-13 (12.7); tarsus, 11.5-
12.5 (12); outer anterior toe, 15-16 (15.6).«
Southern Mexico, in States of Vera Cruz (Puente Nacional; Cordova; Coatepec), Mexico (near city of Mexico), and southward,
through Guatemala (Duenas; Chiquimula; Volcan de Fuego), and
Costa Rica (^^olcan de Irazii; Los Cuadros de Irazu; Naranjo de
Cartago; Escazu; Angostura), to western Panama (Chitra, Veragua;
Volcan de Chiriqui and Boquete, Chiriqui); Cozumel Island, Yucatan? Venezuela?
Psittacula lineola Cassin, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., vi, June, 1853, 372 (Puente
Nacional, Vera Cruz, Mexico; coll. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.); ^ Journ. Ac.
Nat. Sci. Phila., iii, 1855, 154, pi. 14, fig. 1,—Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc.
Lond., 1857, 230, iu text (State of Vera Cruz).
[Myiopsitta] lineola Bonaparte, Naumannia, 1856, Consp. Psitt., no. 54.
Myiopsitta lineola Zeledon, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., viii, 1885, 111 (Costa Rica);
Anal. Mus. Nac. C. R., i, 1887, 124 (Naranjo de Ciu-tago, Costa Rica).—
RiDGWAY, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., xi, 1888, 544 (Naranjo de Cartago, Costa
M[yiopsitta] lineola Ridgway, Man. N. Am. Birds, 1887, 269, footnote.
Conurus lineola Gray, List Birds Brit. Mus., Psittaci, 1859, 44.
C[onurus] lineola Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 177 (near city of Mexico
[Bolborhynchus] lineola Gray, Hand-list, ii, 1870, 149, no. 8144.
Bolhorhynchus lineolus Carriker, Ann. Carnegie Mus., i, 1910, 484 (Escazu,
Los Cuadros de Irazu, and Angostura, Costa Rica; habits).
Grammopsittaca lineola Ridgway, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., xxv, May 4, 1912, 100.
Psittacula lineolata Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1856, 306 (Cdrdova, Vera

Baird, Rep. Pacific R. R. Surv., ix, 1858, 66, footnote.
Conurus lineolatus Sclater and Salvin, Ibis, 1859, 137 (Cozumel Island, Yucatan);
1862, 96, in text (Duenas, Guatemala).

Salvin, Ibis, 1869, 319 (Angostura,
Costa Rica).
Bolhorhynchus lineolatus Finsch, Die Papag., ii, 1868, 130.^Salvin, Ibis, 1871,
87, 94 (s. Mexico to Costa Rica).

Boucard, Liste Ois. recol. Guat., 1878, 23
(Vera Paz).

Reichenow, Journ. fiir Orn., 1881, 348 (monogr.); Consp.
Psitt., 1882, 188; Vogelbild., 1882, pi. 28, fig. 1.—Salvadori, Cat. Birds
Brit. Mus., XX, 1891, 239 (Coatepec, Vera Cruz; Vera Paz and Volcan de
Fuego, Guatemala; Angostura, Costa Rica; Volcan de Chiriqui and Veragua,
w. Panama).

Salvin and Godman, Biol. Centr.-Am., Aves, ii, 1897, 579
(Cordova and Coatepec, Vera Cruz; Cozumel I.?; Volcan de Fuego and
Chiquimula, Guatemala; Angostura and Naranjo de Cartago, Costa Rica;
Volcan de Chiriqui; Venezuela?).

Bangs, Proc. New Engl. Zool. Club, iii,
1902, 25 (Volcan de Chiriqui, 2,000 fcGt).
[Bolborhynchus] lineolatus Sclater and Salvin, Nom. Av. Neotr., 1873, 113.

Forbes and Robinson, Bull. Liverp. Mus., i, 1897, 12.

Sharpe, Hand-list,
ii, 1900, 18.
(?) Myiopsitta tigrina Souanc6, Rev. et Mag. de Zool., 1856, 144 (Venezuela).
Bonaparte, Compt. Rend., xlii, 1856, 764; xliv, 1857, 538.

Sclater, Proc.
Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 178, in text (crit.).—Ridgway, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus.,
xi, 1888, 544, footnote.
Bolborhynchus tigrinus Bonaparte, Remarques Obs. Blanchard Psittacides, 1857,

Gray, List Birds Brit. Mus., Psittaci, 1859, 44 (in synonymy).
Bolborhynchus tigrina Salvin, Ibis, 1871, 95.
Myiopsitta catharina Bonaparte, Compt. Rend., xliv, 1857, 538.
Bolborhynchus catharinaHoNAFARTB, Remarques Obs. Blanchard Psittacides, 1857,

Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1857, 225, in text.

Sclater and Salvin,
Ibis, 1859, 137 (in synonymy).
Conurus catharinus Gray, List Birds Brit. Mus., Psittaci, 1859, 45 (Mexico).
« I was informed by the late Professor Angelo Heilprin (in a letter dated November
19, 1885) that both specimens mentioned by Cassin lA the original description of
this species are missing from the collection of the Academy of Sciences. The type
is said by Sclater (Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1864, 178) to have been taken at the Puente
Naciondl (National Bridge), in the State of Vera Cruz.

Besser mit Klugen in die Hölle als mit Narren ins Paradies. {}